Individual therapy models eventually gave rise to family models after the end of World War II. Early couples therapy models sought to help partners express repressed anger at one another. Nowadays, other approaches exist that have more empirical validation. Often, there is an assessment process at the beginning and meeting with each member of the couple. Sessions progress with the aim of helping the couple to manage the emotions between them. Homework is often included and may consist of learning new ways to communicate or going on a date with a specific focus.